|The Plains region is in between the Cordillera and the
Great Canadian Shield. It is found in the Yukon, Northwest Territories,
British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Sometimes, people make
the mistake of calling the Plains the Prairie Provinces or just the
Prairies. The term prairie refers to the prairie grasses that grow wild in
Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. The Interior Plains landscape includes
much more than just the prairie grasslands. You'll find that this entire
region is generally flat in elevation.
In fact there are 3 flat levels of elevation and each level is lower as you
move to the east. If you can picture 3 steps on stairs that descend, then
you sort of get what it looks like. Furthermore, found within these 3
levels of flat elevation , you may find hills, escarpments (cliffs), low
mountains, forests, wide river valleys and there are even sand dunes! This area of
Canada obviously has a lot to offer Canadians and tourists.
Just as in the Cordillera, the human population tends to be greater in the southern region of the plains, but you'll also notice that town and cities generally are beside a water source like a lake or river. The Plains truly rely upon water, for the region's climate is generally dry. Water not only helps irrigate crops and livestock but it is also a source of transportation for our products, supplies, goods and services. In the past, these water routes were also major fur trading routes. Similar to the Cordillera, these waterways also act as areas of recreation, tourism, as well, as resources like hydro-electricity for Canadians.
Each city in the Interior Plains offers its own unique industries, services and resources. Yet, it is important to discuss major industries found within this landscape. First of all, the farming is extremely important. Crops such as wheat, barley, oats, flax, canola, mustard, potatoes, corn and sugar beets are grown in the plains. Farmers also raise cattle, pigs, poultry, to name a few. Both the crops and livestock produced in this area, feed many Canadians, as well as, others around the world. Moreover, the agricultural industry is also linked with promoting the tourism industry. Many rodeos, stampedes and agricultural shows are held throughout this region for everyone to enjoy.
Secondly the mining of fuel products like oil, natural gas, coal , potash copper, zinc, gold and uranium is crucial. Here Canadians take these resources that lie below the Plains and refine or make these resources into other products that all Canadians need on a daily basis. Lastly many of the forest areas found in the Plains are harvested for the lumber industry or else admired by tourists for the tourism industry. The resources found in the Interior Plains are transported across Canada to other regions. Since most of the Interior Plains are flat, transportation of goods and services is easily done by trains, pipelines, trucks, and planes. In other words, the Interior Plains supply a very important link for all Canadians and their economic development.
"Interior Plains". http://www.cssd.ab.ca/tech/social/gr5/InteriorPlains.htm , 3 March 2005.