Major Battles of World War I
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These were the battles that followed after
British, French, and Belgian armies were driven back to the
Ypres is a
small town in
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When wind conditions were in their favor, the Germans launched gas attacks. Gas would float across no man's land, and since chlorine gas is heavier than air, it would cling to the ground, filling holes and trenches.
The French-Moroccan troops ran from their trenches. As they
passed the Canadian troops, they warned them by yelling "Gas! Gas!" The Canadian troops had to extend the
battle line to cover the vacated line that the French-Moroccans had
abandoned. If they had not, the Germans would have surely broken through
and extended their territory further into
The soldiers were not equipped with gas masks. They had to
improvise by urinating on their puddies (strips of
cloth that were used to hold their pant legs inside their boots), and wrapping
them around their mouths. For two days the Canadian soldiers held the
line against the Germans. Even though
In 1915 the Ottoman Empire was predominately made up of
Winston Churchill, who was in charge of the British Navy, thought that an attack on the German troops through the Strait of Dardanelles would greatly relieve pressure on the Russian army, who were constantly being attacked. An attack on the Turkish forces at Gallipoli was planned.
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This was predominantly a British affair, with troops from the
The Army could not drive the Turkish troops from the
hills. A stalemate occurred.